EMP Bomb

EMP Bomb

An EMP Bomb is a complex multi-pulse nuclear weapon that can be
best described in three components (E1, E2 & E3) as advanced by the
International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).

E1

This is the first component of a nuclear Eletromagentic Pulse
(EMP) and is usually a brief but intense electromagnetic field capable of
inducing very high voltages in electrical conductors. As a result, the pulse
causes breakdown of such conductors typically computers and communication
devices. Since it happens fast, ordinary surge protectors can’t offer enough
fortification as much as they are effective against such incidences.

The E1 effect is also known as the Compton Effect produced when
gamma radiation from the detonated nuclear EMP bomb ionizes atoms in the upper
atmosphere. The resulting current is the Compton Current. The electrons will
then travel downwards at relative speeds (90% more than the speed of light).
The Earth’s magnetic field will then deflect the flow (at a right-angle to the
field) producing very large but brief electromagnetic pulse over the affected
area.

E2

This is a component generated by scattered gamma rays and
inelastic gammas produced by neutrons. It lasts for roughly 1 micro-second to 1
second after the explosion of the EMP Bomb or any other nuclear device that
emits Electromagnetic Pulse. Though it has a lesser effect, E2 bears some
similarities to lightning and is generally considered to be the easiest to
protect against. The problem with E2 however is that it comes immediately after
E1 has already damaged protective devices that would normally withstand E2
pulse. By destroying control features, it still poses a great risk to critical
infrastructure.

E3
(Solar EMP)

This EMP differs greatly from both E1 and E2 because it is a very
slow pulse. It is normally caused by the temporary distortion of the Earth’s
magnetic field after a nuclear detonation. It is slight similar to a
geomagnetic storm caused by a solar flare. E3 normally induces current in
extended electrical conductors like power line transformers thereby damaging
them.

The Effects of a Lack of Protection

Like most nuclear devices, an EMP Bomb produces magnetic wave of
electric current ( 100,000 volt power surge brought in through the power
distribution lines) that creates fire, damages transformers, breaks down
insulation creating arcing and short circuits. The EMP will disable any
electronic equipment whether they are connected to the grid or unplugged. Devices
that have integrated circuits are usually very sensitive to static electricity
and can be destroyed by as little as 100 volts.

When an EMP Bomb strikes, the resultant nuclear explosion at
altitude will emit a pulse of broadband energy which will radiate outwards from
the source. Therefore, electronic devices further away from the Electromagnetic
Pulse source may likely be less affected. Still, even if the devices are
unplugged they will be vulnerable to the invisible pulse that envelopes
everything in its path. Only those devices protected in a Faraday cage can
survive such an attack. A Faraday cage is a box made of conductive metal grids
whereby the EMP current is induced in those metals rather than through the
circuits of the electronic devices being protected inside.

Generally, an EMP attack whether from EMP Bomb or any nuclear
device will damage almost all electronic devices in their path. The extent of
damage however depends on the proximity to the EMP source. Unless electronics
are protected through a natural Faraday cage, they will melt under the surging
currents through the power lines. A major EMP will therefore be the end of
civilization as we know it.